Gum Diseases - Laval
Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is a form of bacterial infection that destroys the supporting structure of the teeth, including the gum fibres and bone structure.
There are two main types of periodontal disease: gingivitis and periodontitis, occurring in a mild or severe form.
Gingivitis is the most common and mild form of periodontal disease. It causes gum inflammation, discomfort and bleeding.
However, periodontitis is more serious. It is an inflammation that affects the bone structure and dental tissue. Mild to moderate periodontitis is diagnosed when pockets 4-6 mm deep, which can lead to bacterial growth, are observed between the tooth and the soft tissue. Advanced periodontitis is marked by pockets deeper than 6 mm that can lead to considerable bone loss and loose teeth.
In its later stages, periodontal disease causes teeth to fall out eventually.
Signs and symptoms of periodontal disease
If you have any of the below symptoms, you may be suffering from periodontal disease:
- Bleeding during brushing or flossing
- Redness or inflammation of the gums
- Bad taste in the mouth or bad breath
- Tooth mobility
- Tooth displacement
- Tooth loss
Causes of periodontal disease
Periodontal disease is caused by bacterial plaque. There are several risk factors for developing periodontal disease, including:
- A weak immune system
- Genetics and heredity
Preventing periodontal diseases
Many easy everyday actions can prevent periodontal disease, the most important ones being brushing your teeth twice daily and flossing once a day to remove plaque from between your teeth. Seeing your dentist regularly for a routine exam and professional tooth cleaning is also essential.
If you think you may have periodontal disease, the best thing to do is make an appointment with our clinic. We offer effective treatments, such as deep cleaning, and root planing. If left untreated, periodontal disease will only get worse. Therefore, don't ignore the symptoms of this disease.
Learn more about our dental practice.